We begin 2016 as a certified sustainable winery. As most of you know, Lynmar’s core values and ethos have always focused on sustainability and the long term health of our vineyards and our company, but last year, we decided to make it official.
Here are some of our vineyard practices that earned us the certification.
Water Use Efficiency
To optimize and conserve water resources we calculate actual need and efficacy with the use of data-logging Soil Moisture Probes, an on-site weather station, and measure plant moisture status with a Porometer reading of leaf transpiration rate. We cross this data with known critical stages of plant growth and fruit development. We know when the vines need water, and anticipate the optimum application timing and quantity to ensure that the water is in the effective root zone.
Twice a year we measure plant nutrient status by collecting and analyzing plant tissue samples. In the spring we measure the status of every block. To maximize the economy of this program, we return and measure areas that indicated need for adjustment, or develop visual symptoms of deficiency, at veraison. Soil mapping is completed in all areas at least once, every three years. We created a continuous map of 73 soil properties of our vineyard soils using patented technology.
Our in-house vineyard crew is trained to recognize and respond to detrimental afflictions in the vineyard. Since our team hand addresses each vine over a dozen times during each growing season, this provides the highest level of visibility. The use of permanent cover cropping has reduced our insect pressure to next to nothing. The bio-diversity can be witnessed simply by standing and looking down at your feet and watching the wild assortment of fauna scurrying between clumps of vegetation.
Biodiversity and Wildlife Conservation
The vineyard is home to barn owl boxes at a density of more than one per two acres. We work in conjunction with Sonoma County Wildlife Rescue (SCWR) to place orphan baby owls with our native broods. When we trap gophers, between owl broods, we freeze and donate them to SCWR to provide food for their wildlife recovery operations. Lynn and Anisya Fritz are active Laguna de Santa Rosa Foundation members.
Energy Efficiency & Greenhouse Gas Mitigation
Selection of cover crops for low growing bunch grasses with strong allelopathic properties has reduced the number of tractor passes for vineyard floor management to a minimum, thus reducing our emissions for this activity by about 60%. We harvest our fruit at night to minimize the amount of energy necessary to attain ideal fermentation temperatures and house our wine in a cave to capitalize on the insular properties of the earth.